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Dentistry Specialist Doctor
Dentistry Specialist Doctor
Apart from causing discomfort, poor oral health can also lead to digestive issues. This is because teeth play an important role in breaking down food in the mouth to be processed by the various organs that make up the digestive system.
Teeth are made up of calcium, minerals and protein, and are the strongest parts of the human body besides bones. There are several types of teeth – incisors, canines, molars and premolar teeth, which have their respective functions. The incisors are located at the front and serve to bite food. Canines are the sharpest and serve to tear food. After the canines, there are premolar teeth called molars that grind food.
If you are dealing with a dental problem, you are advised to see a general dentist or a dentist.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that specifically studies dental problems and surrounding health issues. Dentists not only deal with teeth – they can also treat problems in the oral cavity and gums.
Sub-specialties in Dentistry
General dentists have the ability to deal with various complaints about the teeth, oral cavity, and gums. General dentists can take on specialist education to provide more comprehensive capabilities – the sub-specialities are:
- Pedodontists or Paediatric Dentists, dentists who specialise in children’s dental care,.The structure of the teeth that children have is different from that of adults. This is why dental problems in children need to be handled specifically in order to provide proper medical action and treatment. Children with special needs such as Down Syndrome also require treatment from pedodontists as they have a more vulnerable immune system. In addition, Down Syndrome can also affect the morphology of teeth and mouth, such as loose teeth, pointed teeth, and a dilated tongue due to the habit of breathing from the mouth, which requires treatment from a pedodontist.
- Orthodontists, dentists who treat cases of broken and uneven teeth. If you are not confident of your looks due to uneven teeth, then consulting an orthodontist may be the right choice. This doctor is able to advise you to use braces, in order to get neater and more even teeth arrangement. The alignment of the teeth also improves the function of the teeth to chew and make speech articulation clearer.
- Endodontists, are dental specialists who focus on handling dental aesthetics and improving tooth function. Some procedures that this specialist can perform include making veneers, preventing cavities, whitening teeth, dealing with tartar, and surgery.
- Periodontist, a dental specialist who focuses on treating gum tissue or tooth support. Complaints such as gingivitis to severe periodintitis can be handled by this specialist.
- Oral Surgeon, a dental specialist who focuses on handling surgery on the mouth and teeth. This specialist doctor can also perform tooth extraction procedures, treat cleft surgery, oblique teeth, cleft palate disorders, tumor surgery in the oral cavity, to repairing the jawbone.
- Prosthodontists, dentistry specialists who focus on the manufacturing of dentures, crowns and dental implants.
- Oral Medicine Specialist, a dental specialist who focuses on treating oral diseases without surgical procedures. Oral diseases that are treated include dental infections caused by fungi and bacteria, salivary gland problems, oral cancer.
- Dental Radiologist, a specialist doctor who focuses on translating and interpreting dental and oral imaging, such as MRI or CT-scans.
Diseases Treated by Dentists
Dental issues are often taken lightly by many people. For example, many would still skip the process of teeth-cleaning such as brushing their teeth at night before going to bed or having their teeth checked by the dentist even when they do not have dental issues. There are still many who go to the dentist only when they have tooth aches or gum pain.
If you are experiencing the following conditions, you should consult with your dentist:
- Tooth ache.
- Sensitive teeth.
- Impaction teeth.
- Cragged teeth.
- Loosen tooth
- Bad breath.
- Infections of the teeth, gums and mouth.
- Persistent thrush
Medical Procedures Performed by Dentists
A general dentist can diagnose the disease, provide treatment, and prevent problems with the teeth and mouth. However, general dentists are not able to treat all problems. In certain cases – such as restoring aesthetic function, surgery, etc – the patient will be referred to a specialist dentist.
A general dentist can perform medical procedures such as tooth extraction, cavity fillings, scaling, and treating toothaches. Tooth scaling is an important non-surgical procedure to remove plaque and tartar on teeth. If tar and plaque accumulate on the teeth, it can cause tooth decay, tooth loss, cavities, and periodontitis.
When to See a Dentist?
Dentists recommend routine dental check-ups at least once every 6 months. Dental tests in the early ages help prevent and detect dental abnormalities, as well as serve to educate patients on proper dental care.
You should also consult a dentist when you have aching teeth. Toothaches should be treated immediately as it can be fatal and lead to stroke, heart disease, and infections.
You need to pay attention to the following symptoms and immediately consult a dentist if you feel any:
- Gum pain
- Bad breath
- Swollen and bleeding gums.
- Lots of plaque and tartar.
- Jaw pain
- Prolonged mouth ulcers
- Lumps on the gums, tongue, or mouth.
- Jaw making stretching sound
- Tooth pain, due to cavities or gum disorders.
- Sensitive tooth problems caused by food or drinks that are hot, cold, too sweet, or too sour.
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