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Orthopaedic Surgery Specialist Doctor

Orthopaedic Specialist Doctor

To the general public, orthopaedic doctors have been known as the doctors that deal with bone health. For orthopaedic doctor, there is actually broader expertise involved: orthopaedic surgery and traumatology.

The Orthopaedic Surgeon has a deep understanding of orthopaedics, which is a branch of medicine that focuses on dealing with problems and diseases of the musculoskeletal system – the body’s movement system that includes bones, joints, muscles, nerves, ligaments, tendons and spine.

From that perspective, it can be said that orthopaedic doctors treat all limbs, including bone health. An orthopaedic specialist doctor is able to deal with various issues that crop up within the movement system in patients of all ages, from infants to the elderly.

Sub-specialties in Orthopaedics

Orthopaedic medicine is divided into eight sub-specialties, namely:

  • Trauma and Reconstructive orthopaedics, a sub-specialty focused on repairing damaged bone and tissue due to injury or accident.
  • Spine sub-specialty, focused on treating disorders and problems in the spine and neck.
  • Bone Tumor Sub-specialty, focused on treating tumor growth in bone.
  • Paediatric Orthopaedics, a sub-specialty that focuses on dealing with problems in the musculoskeletal system in children, either due to accidents or congenital diseases.
  • Arthroscopy and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine, focused on managing sports injuries and arthroscopy.
  • Hand and Microsurgery, a sub-specialty focused on handling hand problems and microsurgery.
  • Adult Reconstructive Hip and Knee, a sub-specialty that focuses on hip and knee problems.
  • Bio Orthopaedics sub-specialty

Diseases Treated by an Orthopaedic Surgeon

An orthopaedic specialist doctor does not only deal with bone fractures. Orthopaedic doctors are able to deal with injuries or tissue damage that occur in the body’s movement system due to accidents or diseases.

Medical problems that are treated by orthopaedic specialists include bone disorders, joints and tissues involved in body movement such as muscles, tendons, and nerves.

An orthopaedic specialist is able to offer consultation regarding muscle and joint pain. They are capable of treating and providing comprehensive treatment rather than only relieving temporary pain.

For athletes who have experienced injuries, generally, they will be handled by an orthopaedic specialist doctor to receive intensive care until they recover.

Below are some diseases and medical problems that can be handled by orthopaedic specialist doctors:

  • Bone disorders, such as infections, fractures, bone tumors, osteoporosis (bone loss), and bone deformities.
  • Joint disorders ,such as arthritis, bursitis, torn ligaments, joint dislocation or shift, joint pain, and swelling in the joint and surrounding areas.
  • Spine disorders, including tumors, back pain, injuries, spinal fractures, and scoliosis.
  • Knee disorders, such as knee pain, meniscus injury, and tendinitis.
  • Foot and ankle pain
  • Hand conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, fractures or wrist injuries, or ganglion cysts.
  • Soft tissues problems, such as atrophy, infection, tumors, and cancer.

Medical Procedures Orthopaedists Can Perform

As a specialist doctor who has a deep understanding of the body’s movement system, there are numerous procedures that can be done, from examination to treatment.

To determine the proper medical measures for the patient, the orthopaedic doctor will ask the patient about the symptoms that have appeared, when they were felt, and what medications have been consumed by the patient during that period. In order to avoid complications and make diagnosis easier, orthopaedic specialist doctors will also have to know about the patient’s and family’s medical history.

Similar to most doctors, orthopaedic specialist doctors will look for visible signs of the disorder by performing a physical examination. The signs may include swelling, infection, bruises, or other signs that indicate abnormalities. If required, the doctor will advise the patient to do lab tests and/or imaging tests to get a more accurate diagnosis.

The following are procedures that can be performed by orthopaedic specialists:

  • Arthroscopy or the operation of joints by binocular, a surgical procedure to diagnose and treat the patient through cameras and special equipment that are inserted into the joint. This procedure is commonly used to treat the shoulders, elbows, knees and pelvis. Arthroscopy can also be used to see the condition of the joint surface, ligaments, cartilage, and detect any foreign bodies that affect joint function.
  • Internal fixation, an operation that involves the use of various tools to hold the damaged bone in its proper position, such as pins, screws, or metal plates.
  • Fusion, a surgical procedure that combines bone with bone grafts or metal to solidify the bone.
  • Joint replacement (partial, total, or revision), a surgical procedure that replaces the damaged joint with a prosthesis or artificial joint.
  • Osteotomy, a surgical procedure that changes or cuts the deformed bone, primarily to treat joints.
  • Soft tissue surgery, such as treating torn tendons and ligaments.
  • Amputation.
  • Repair or reconstruction of damaged tissue such as ligaments, bones and muscles.
  • Discectomy, foraminotomy, laminectomy.

Operation or surgery is usually performed when non-surgical treatments such as medication consumption, usage of casts, or therapy are no longer able to treat bone or joint problems. Even so, there are some things that need to be considered since orthopaedic surgery also comes with its own risks. One of them is Surgical Site Infection (SSI) or infection in surgical wounds that can occur in orthopaedic surgery.

When to See a Orthopaedist?

The musculoskeletal system has a vital role in bodily movements and activities. It is important to note that the aches and pains that you feel when you move should not be underestimated. The same thing should also be considered when you experience injuries and accidents – you need to be aware of whether there is damage to muscles, nerves, bones, joints, or ligaments.

You can consult an orthopaedic specialist doctor to get the right diagnosis and treatment.

Movement disorders do not only occur due to external factors such as accidents or injuries during sports. In some cases, there are also disorders that occur due to congenital or genetic factors, which will be better handled if they are detected at an early age.

If you feel you need surgery to restore the function of your movement system, consult an orthopaedic specialist first about the stages, risks, and the recommended recovery period. Seeing an orthopaedist is also recommended for those of you who are elderly and experiencing bone problems such as osteoporosis.

It is advisable to consult an orthopaedic specialist if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Dysfunctional or abnormal certain body parts that affect your activities and movements such as difficulty going up and down stairs, difficulty looking down, pain when carrying bags, difficulty walking, etc.)
  • Experiencing pain in muscles, tendons, and joints in the long term.
  • Feeling intense joint pain when resting or sleeping.
  • Swelling and bruises around the injured body part and around the joints.
  • Difficulty moving.
  • The presence of joint deformities.
  • Swelling and redness in the joint, which may be a sign of infection or arthritis.
  • Feeling aches and pains in the bones.

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